Symptoms / Self-assessment / Prevention / Treatments
Symptoms of COVID-19
Those who are infected with COVID-19 may have little to no symptoms. You may not know you have symptoms of COVID-19 because they are similar to a cold or flu.
Symptoms may take up to 14 days to appear after exposure to COVID-19. This is the longest known incubation period for this disease. We are currently investigating if the virus can be transmitted to others if someone is not showing symptoms. While experts believe that it is possible, it is considered less common.
Symptoms have included:
• difficulty breathing
• pneumonia in both lungs
• In severe cases, infection can lead to death
Physical (social) distancing
Physical (social) distancing is proven to be one of the most effective ways to reduce the spread of illness during an outbreak.
This means making changes in your everyday routines to minimize close contact with others, including:
• avoiding crowded places and non-essential gatherings
• avoiding common greetings, such as handshakes
• limiting contact with people at higher risk like older adults and those in poor health
• keeping a distance of at least 2 arms-length (approximately 2 metres) from others
Proper hygiene can help reduce the risk of infection or spreading infection to others: wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after using the washroom and when preparing food. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available. When coughing or sneezing: cough or sneeze into a tissue or the bend of your arm, not your hand and dispose of any tissues you have used as soon as possible in a lined waste basket and wash your hands afterwards avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands.
Coronaviruses are one of the easiest types of viruses to kill with the appropriate disinfectant product when used according to the label directions. Health Canada has published a list of hard surface disinfectants that are likely to be effective for use against COVID-19.
Health Canada recommends cleaning high-touch surfaces often, using either regular household cleaners or diluted bleach. This bleach solution should be prepared according to the instructions on the label or in a ratio of 1 teaspoon (5 mL) per cup (250 mL). Directions are based on bleach that is 5% sodium hypochlorite, to give a 0.1% sodium hypochlorite solution.
These surfaces include:
• door handles
• bedside tables
• television remotes
Medical masks, including surgical, medical procedure face masks and respirators (like N95 masks), are required for healthcare workers and others providing direct care to COVID-19 patients. (Changing that coz originally it seems to imply that only healthcare workers can use N95 mask, where in fact, many ppl have those at home).
Wearing a non-medical mask is an additional measure you can take to protect others around you. However, non-medical masks alone will not prevent the spread of COVID-19. You must consistently and strictly adhere to good hygiene and public health measures, including frequent hand washing and physical (social) distancing.
If you choose to use a non-medical face mask:
• you must wash your hands immediately before putting it on and immediately after taking it off (in addition to practicing good hand hygiene while wearing it)
• it should fit well (non-gaping)
• you should not share it with others
• avoid touching your face mask while using it
• non-medical masks that cannot be washed should be discarded and replaced as soon as they get damp, soiled or crumpled
• dispose of masks properly in a lined garbage bin
How to self-isolate
Self-isolating means staying at home and avoiding contact with other people to help prevent the spread of disease to others in your home and your community.
All persons over 70 years of age and individuals who are immunocompromised are advised to self-isolate for a period of 14 days. This means that you should only leave your home or see other people for essential reasons. Where possible, you should seek services over the phone or internet or ask for help from friends, family or neighbours with essential errands.
When self-isolating you should:
• do not use public transportation, taxis or rideshares
• do not go to work, school or other public places
• your health care provider will tell you when it is safe to leave
Limit the number of visitors in your home
• only have visitors who you must see and keep the visits short
• keep away from seniors and people with chronic medical conditions (for example, diabetes, lung problems, immune deficiency)
Avoid contact with others
• stay in a separate room away from other people in your home as much as possible and use a separate bathroom if you have one
• make sure that shared rooms have good airflow (for example, open windows)
•if you are in a room with other people, keep a distance of at least two metres and wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth
•if you cannot wear a mask, people should wear a mask when they are in the same room as you
Cover your coughs and sneezes
• cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze
• cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hand
• throw used tissues in a lined waste basket, and wash your hands. Lining the wastebasket with a plastic bag makes waste disposal easier and safer.
• after emptying the wastebasket wash your hands
Wash your hands
• wash your hands often with soap and water
• dry your hands with a paper towel, or with your own cloth towel that no one else shares
• use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available
Wear a mask over your nose and mouth
• wear a mask if you must leave your house to see a health care provider
•wear a mask when you are within two metres of other people